## Saturday, April 11, 2009

### C Language: Program to find if a given number is prime

Following sample program shows how to find, if the given input number is prime or not.

This code is released under the terms of GNU General Public License.
`/* * Copyright (C) 2009 Raghavendra Nayak * * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or * (at your option) any later version. * * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the * GNU General Public License for more details. * * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */#include <stdio.h>#include <stdlib.h>/** * @brief function to check if the given number is prime. * * This function returns 1 if the given number is a prime number, * otherwise returns 0. * * @param[in] number    input number to check for prime number. * @return  1: if the @sa number is a prime number; *          0: otherwise. * * Note: This function uses a loop to find the factorial. */unsigned short is_prime_number(const int number){    int i;    /* Trivial case 1: number 1, 0 numbers are not prime numbers */    /* -ve numbers are not natural numbers */    if (number <= 1)        return 0;    /* Trivial case 2: even numbers are not prime numbers */    if (number % 2 == 0)        return (number == 2) ? 1 : 0;    /* here, number is is odd and number >= 3 */    /* Try to divide number by every odd number i, starting from 3 */    for (i = 3; ; i += 2) {        /* We only have to try i up to the squre root of number */        if (i > number/i)            break;        /* Now, we have i <= number/i < number */        /* If number is divisible by i, number is not prime */        if (number % i == 0)            return 0;    }    /* number has no integer factor in the range (1, number), and thus is prime */    return 1;}int main(void){    int number;    unsigned short prime_number;    printf("\nEnter the input number: ");    scanf("%d", &number);    prime_number = is_prime_number(number);    if (prime_number) {        printf("\nInput number %d is a prime number.\n", number);    } else {        printf("\nInput number %d is not a prime number.\n", number);    }    return EXIT_SUCCESS;}`

Building the project:

You can build this project using any of the following method.
1. `\$ gcc is_prime_number.c -o is_prime_number`
2. `\$ make`
3. `\$ cmake . && make`
First method requires you to have gcc installed.
Second method requires you to have gcc along with the GNU make installed.
Third method requires you to have cmake along with GNU make.

To execute the compiled binary issue following command.

`\$ ./is_prime_number`